Hawarden No Sugar No Starch Diet Pdf

Alec Baldwin loses 30 pounds without sugar or starch

“No Sugar No Starch” Diet Getting Started – The

No sugar no starch diet pdf

Dr. Westman’s No Sugar No Starch Page 4 – Low Carb Keto. Aug 06, 2013 · A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet Manual: No Sugar, No Starch Diet [Dr. Eric C. Westman M.D.] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This manual describes the practical details of a low carbohydrate, ketogenic diet as used by nutritional and medical professionals., “No Sugar, No Starch” Diet: Getting Started . This diet is focused on providing your body with the nutrition it needs, while eliminating foods that your body does not require, namely, nutritionally empty carbohydrates. For most effective weight loss, you will need to keep the total number of carbohydrate grams to fewer than 20 grams per day.

Dr Eric Westman Duke University Ketogenic Diet for Weight

10 Best No Carb No Sugar Diet Recipes yummly.com. Nov 01, 2014 · The No Sugar, No Starch Diet; Don’t fall for the “net carbs” sales pitch. this way of eating can allow too much sugar and starch and start a cycle of craving and stall weight loss. Learn to listen to your body. If you start craving foods, especially carbohydrates , that’s your cue to look at what you are eating and see whether there, “No Sugar, No Starch” Diet Introduction This way of eating is a diet low in sugary and starchy foods. Because starches are easily digested to sugar, starchy foods are similar to sugar, and must be avoided as well. This way of eating focuses on eating “real” food and ….

Diet Plan fot Big Diabetes - Duke University - No Sugar No Starch Diet Plan Doctors at the International Council for Truth in Medicine are revealing the truth about diabetes that … Aug 06, 2013 · A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet Manual: No Sugar, No Starch Diet [Dr. Eric C. Westman M.D.] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This manual describes the practical details of a low carbohydrate, ketogenic diet as used by nutritional and medical professionals.

Dec 14, 2018 · Because bread, wraps and rolls are all starches, think about protein and vegetable salads for lunch rather than sandwiches. A raw vegetable salad made from 2 cups of nonstarchy vegetables like greens, tomatoes, cucumbers and sweet peppers, along with 2 ounces of tuna for protein, makes a healthy, starch-free lunch. This no-sugar-added meal plan makes it easy to give up sugar. Top Navigation. Explore. EatingWell EatingWell. and research has shown it's directly connected to too much sugar in the diet. The American Heart Association recommends no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugar daily for women, and no more than 9 teaspoons for men, but most

Mar 09, 2012 · My new rhuemy wanted to put me on chemo-drugs to stop the inflammation and fusing. I decided to try a no-starch, no-sugar diet I had heard of (modified LCHF). I am no longer diabetic and as long as I follow this way of eating I can do all I want physically (run, jump, play). The “No Sugar, No Starch” Diet Source: Lifestyle Medicine Clinic Duke University Medical Center ! This diet is focused on providing your body with the nutrition it needs, while eliminating foods that your body does not require, namely, nutritionally empty carbohydrates. For most effective

The “No Sugar, No Starch” Diet Source: Lifestyle Medicine Clinic Duke University Medical Center ! This diet is focused on providing your body with the nutrition it needs, while eliminating foods that your body does not require, namely, nutritionally empty carbohydrates. For most effective Dec 14, 2018 · A no-starch diet should ideally also be low in sugars, especially refined sugar. Even if you include healthy carbs from non-starchy vegetables and fruits, your diet is likely to be lower in carbohydrates. To make sure you get adequate energy, add more fat to your diet – it will become your main source of energy on your no-starch and low-sugar

The Best No Carb No Sugar Diet Recipes on Yummly Savory Sesame Fat Bombs, Sweet And Sticky Chicken Wings, Prosciutto-wrapped Salmon Skewers Developed by Jerry Sobieraj, M.D., in 2000, the no-starch diet is based on the effect of starch content in food on blood sugar and insulin level. The focus of the diet is to help with management of insulin level, making it beneficial for individuals who are diabetic or insulin-resistant.

This article is very misleading. I don’t think most people are following a no-sugar diet by dropping ALL sugars, just the refined “added” sugars. Claiming that following a no-sugar diet is harmful because you won’t be eating fruits or drinking milk is completely misinterpreting the no sugar diet. Jul 17, 2014 · Fluffy Chix Cook prepares Day 11, or Week 2|Day 4 of Dr. Westman’s and Duke Lifestyle Medicine Clinic’s No Sugar No Starch Page 4 Meal Plan, featuring low carb leftovers. Today is the day to clean out any servings and portions of meals stored in the fridge or in DS9 (Deep Space 9 …

On the Sugar Freedom Diet you will learn to put together a daily menu of foods that is satisfying, delicious, and packed with nutrients. Let’s get to the list. Love Thy Vegetables The typical assumption when it comes to a low sugar diet is that, if it’s low in sugar and Intentional No Sugar And Starch Diet Plan is the loss of total body mass as a result of efforts to improve fitness and health, or to change appearance through slimming. No Sugar And Starch Diet Plan in individuals who are overweight or obese can reduce health risks, increase fitness, and may delay the onset of diabetes.

The “No Sugar, No Starch” Diet Getting Started This diet is focused on providing your body with the nutrition it needs, while eliminating foods that your body does not require, namely, nutritionally empty carbohydrates. For most effective weight loss, you will need to keep the total number of (net) carbohydrate grams to fewer than 20… Dec 05, 2014 · Fluffy Chix Cook low carb keto meal plans tailored to comply with Dr. Eric Westman, internist and director of the Duke University Lifestyle Medicine Clinic, No Sugar No Starch Diet – Page 4 Food List. These recipes and meals fit Atkin’s Induction and LCHF diets, too, and are gluten free, sugar free and diabetic friendly.

Intentional Low Sugar No Starch Diet is the loss of total body mass as a result of efforts to improve fitness and health, or to change appearance through slimming. Low Sugar No Starch Diet in individuals who are overweight or obese can reduce health risks, increase fitness, and … A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet Manual: No Sugar, No Starch Diet [Dr. Eric C. Westman M.D.] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This manual describes the practical details of a low carbohydrate, ketogenic diet as used by nutritional and medical professionals. Keto Diet Meal Plan.pdf - Google Drive See more.

To kick my cravings, I decided to go on a no-sugar diet for 30 days. Cutting sugar from my diet wasn’t easy, but it was worth it. So, let’s start with some facts. Advertisement. Intentional No Sugar And Starch Diet Plan is the loss of total body mass as a result of efforts to improve fitness and health, or to change appearance through slimming. No Sugar And Starch Diet Plan in individuals who are overweight or obese can reduce health risks, increase fitness, and may delay the onset of diabetes.

NSNG Grocery List Getting started with no sugar no grain

No sugar no starch diet pdf

A Low Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet Manual Eric Westman. No sugar diet plan for sugar detox, sugar addictions and sugar cravings. Stop your cravings now! Get your health back! Beginners meal. See Sample Week Meal Plan Below for a sugar free diet. Sugar Free Diet Plan PDF: * NOTE: avoid the larabars with chocolate chips, …, Dec 14, 2018 · Because bread, wraps and rolls are all starches, think about protein and vegetable salads for lunch rather than sandwiches. A raw vegetable salad made from 2 cups of nonstarchy vegetables like greens, tomatoes, cucumbers and sweet peppers, along with 2 ounces of tuna for protein, makes a healthy, starch-free lunch..

No-Carb Diet Plan Guide and Foods to Eat vs. Avoid Dr. Axe

No sugar no starch diet pdf

The No Starch Diet Basic Food Guide KickAS.org - #1 AS. “No Sugar, No Starch” Diet: Getting Started This diet is focused on providing your body with the nutrition it needs, while eliminating foods that your body does not require, namely, nutritionally empty carbohydrates. For most effective weight loss, you will need to keep the total number of (net) carbohydrate grams to fewer than 20 grams per day. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starch Dec 14, 2018 · Because bread, wraps and rolls are all starches, think about protein and vegetable salads for lunch rather than sandwiches. A raw vegetable salad made from 2 cups of nonstarchy vegetables like greens, tomatoes, cucumbers and sweet peppers, along with 2 ounces of tuna for protein, makes a healthy, starch-free lunch..

No sugar no starch diet pdf


Dec 05, 2014 · Fluffy Chix Cook low carb keto meal plans tailored to comply with Dr. Eric Westman, internist and director of the Duke University Lifestyle Medicine Clinic, No Sugar No Starch Diet – Page 4 Food List. These recipes and meals fit Atkin’s Induction and LCHF diets, too, and are gluten free, sugar free and diabetic friendly. diet. Quite simply, if you follow the diet as we prescribe, your cholesterol levels will improve. To ensure this is the case and for your own information, we will periodically check your cholesterol levels. Vitamins & Supplements Although the “no sugar, no starch” diet is very nutritious, we recommend that you take an

A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet Manual: No Sugar, No Starch Diet [Dr. Eric C. Westman M.D.] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This manual describes the practical details of a low carbohydrate, ketogenic diet as used by nutritional and medical professionals. Keto Diet Meal Plan.pdf - Google Drive See more. Jul 17, 2014 · Fluffy Chix Cook prepares Day 11, or Week 2|Day 4 of Dr. Westman’s and Duke Lifestyle Medicine Clinic’s No Sugar No Starch Page 4 Meal Plan, featuring low carb leftovers. Today is the day to clean out any servings and portions of meals stored in the fridge or in DS9 (Deep Space 9 …

Developed by Jerry Sobieraj, M.D., in 2000, the no-starch diet is based on the effect of starch content in food on blood sugar and insulin level. The focus of the diet is to help with management of insulin level, making it beneficial for individuals who are diabetic or insulin-resistant. The Promise. No need to count calories on this plan. You can lose weight with a high-fiber diet made up of the right kinds of fruits, vegetables, proteins, and whole grains.But you have to give up

Intentional No Starch No Sugar Diet Foods is the loss of total body mass as a result of efforts to improve fitness and health, or to change appearance through slimming. No Starch No Sugar Diet Foods in individuals who are overweight or obese can reduce health risks, increase fitness, and may delay the onset of diabetes. Finally, be sure to include plenty of no carb drinks in your diet. This can include coffee (no milk or sugar), tea, coconut water, diet soda, and water. Especially when you are on a diet, it is critical to get plenty of water to flush out impurities and keep your cells hydrated.

Dec 05, 2014 · Fluffy Chix Cook low carb keto meal plans tailored to comply with Dr. Eric Westman, internist and director of the Duke University Lifestyle Medicine Clinic, No Sugar No Starch Diet – Page 4 Food List. These recipes and meals fit Atkin’s Induction and LCHF diets, too, and are gluten free, sugar free and diabetic friendly. To kick my cravings, I decided to go on a no-sugar diet for 30 days. Cutting sugar from my diet wasn’t easy, but it was worth it. So, let’s start with some facts. Advertisement.

No sugar no starch diet pdf

This no-sugar-added meal plan makes it easy to give up sugar. Top Navigation. Explore. EatingWell EatingWell. and research has shown it's directly connected to too much sugar in the diet. The American Heart Association recommends no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugar daily for women, and no more than 9 teaspoons for men, but most Jul 31, 2019 · A no-carb, no-sugar diet focuses on eliminating all carb-containing foods from the diet, which is thought to help increase weight loss and fat-burning. Ingredients permitted on the no-carb diet food list include meat, fish, poultry and healthy fats. Other low-carb foods that may be allowed include non-starchy vegetables, hard cheeses and eggs.

Green Dollhouse Plan Toys Chalet - Download over 16,000 "Done For You" plans with easy to follow instructions; Instant Online Access + DVDs - Get immediate access to members area and opt for DVDs of all plans & we'll ship to your mailbox; Custom Plans - Have a specific project in mind? Our team of craftsman will be able to draft up a custom plan for you, all you have to do is request. Plan toys chalet dollhouse instructions Marwayne Cet article PlanToys- Chalet Dollhouse with Furniture, PT7602, Wood. PlanToys - Maison de PoupГ©e - Slide and Go (7611) KidKraft- Maison de PoupГ©es en Bois Chelsea Incluant Accessoires et Mobilier 3 Г‰tages de Jeu, 65054, 30 cm

Sugar Busters Diet Plan Review Food List How It Works

No sugar no starch diet pdf

Dr Eric Westman Duke University Ketogenic Diet for Weight. No Starch Diet Recipes for People Who Need More Energy In Their Day. Have you been considering going on a no starch diet? The diet, which is meant to provide your body with the nutrition it needs while eliminating empty carbohydrates, is actually way more accessible than you might imagine., A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet Manual: No Sugar, No Starch Diet [Dr. Eric C. Westman M.D.] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This manual describes the practical details of a low carbohydrate, ketogenic diet as used by nutritional and medical professionals. Keto Diet Meal Plan.pdf - Google Drive See more..

How to Follow a No Flour No Sugar Diet Healthfully

Low Carb & Keto Food List with Printable PDF. Jul 17, 2014 · Fluffy Chix Cook prepares Day 11, or Week 2|Day 4 of Dr. Westman’s and Duke Lifestyle Medicine Clinic’s No Sugar No Starch Page 4 Meal Plan, featuring low carb leftovers. Today is the day to clean out any servings and portions of meals stored in the fridge or in DS9 (Deep Space 9 …, “No Sugar, No Starch” Diet Introduction This way of eating is a diet low in sugary and starchy foods. Because starches are easily digested to sugar, starchy foods are similar to sugar, and must be avoided as well. This way of eating focuses on eating “real” food and ….

This no-sugar-added meal plan makes it easy to give up sugar. Top Navigation. Explore. EatingWell EatingWell. and research has shown it's directly connected to too much sugar in the diet. The American Heart Association recommends no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugar daily for women, and no more than 9 teaspoons for men, but most The No Starch Diet Basic Food Guide NOTE: This list is not a complete or exhaustive list of safe and unsafe foods for the No Starch Diet (NSD). It is intended to give you a starting point for beginning the diet. You will need to customize the diet to suit your personal starch tolerance levels.

Sep 30, 2019 · Although fruits and some vegetables provide natural sugar, they have no added sugar and no flour and should top your diet food list. The sugar in produce differs from added sugar because it occurs naturally and is not inserted during the manufacturing process to "improve" the taste of a product. A couple of weeks after the Symposium I decided to start a (completely) starch-free diet and I felt the difference in just a couple of days. Now I am over 2 years into my starch-free diet. I am still completely pain-free and still able to do my NASS group exercises more freely than ever before. I am on no medication for AS, yet I have never

Jun 02, 2013 · I don’t think it’s a secret that I’m a big fan of Dr. Westman.We’ve covered him a lot here at Ketopia.com, and so it’s no surprise that we’re going to take a look at his latest book: A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet Manual: No Sugar, No Starch Diet. It’s … No Starch Diet Recipes for People Who Need More Energy In Their Day. Have you been considering going on a no starch diet? The diet, which is meant to provide your body with the nutrition it needs while eliminating empty carbohydrates, is actually way more accessible than you might imagine.

Mar 24, 2018 · No PDF I can download (as a member) has this info. I did Keto diet for two months and I lost 29 lb. and now I just eat some fruits and keep with no sugar added food and low carbs diet. I loved it! Sherry. Hi Dolores, Arrowroot powder is a starch so strictly it wouldn’t be allowed. However, it is a resistant starch and I sometimes use Developed by Jerry Sobieraj, M.D., in 2000, the no-starch diet is based on the effect of starch content in food on blood sugar and insulin level. The focus of the diet is to help with management of insulin level, making it beneficial for individuals who are diabetic or insulin-resistant.

Diet Plan fot Big Diabetes - Duke University - No Sugar No Starch Diet Plan Doctors at the International Council for Truth in Medicine are revealing the truth about diabetes that … Jul 13, 2017 · No Sugar, No Starch: Duke University Medical Center’s Answer. by sboyce42 · Published July 13, 2017 · Updated April 16, 2018. Sugar and starch are just not required in your diet. Choose healthy vegetables as the centerpiece. So, What’s the Problem? Since the ’90s I have been interested in the benefits of reducing carbohydrate intake in

On the Sugar Freedom Diet you will learn to put together a daily menu of foods that is satisfying, delicious, and packed with nutrients. Let’s get to the list. Love Thy Vegetables The typical assumption when it comes to a low sugar diet is that, if it’s low in sugar and In this audiobook, Ketogenic Diet: No Sugar No Starch Diet To Turn Your Fat Into Energy In 7 Days (Bonus: 50 Easy Recipes To Jump Start Your Fat & Low Carb Weight Loss Today), learn more about the ketogenic diet today. Listen to its original purpose and the many other benefits that has stemmed from the many research done on ketogenic diet.

This no-sugar-added meal plan makes it easy to give up sugar. Top Navigation. Explore. EatingWell EatingWell. and research has shown it's directly connected to too much sugar in the diet. The American Heart Association recommends no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugar daily for women, and no more than 9 teaspoons for men, but most The Best No Carb No Sugar Diet Recipes on Yummly Savory Sesame Fat Bombs, Sweet And Sticky Chicken Wings, Prosciutto-wrapped Salmon Skewers

Microsoft Word - No_Sugar_No_Starch_Diet.doc Author: Angela Kent Created Date: 4/28/2013 9:20:51 PM A couple of weeks after the Symposium I decided to start a (completely) starch-free diet and I felt the difference in just a couple of days. Now I am over 2 years into my starch-free diet. I am still completely pain-free and still able to do my NASS group exercises more freely than ever before. I am on no medication for AS, yet I have never

Jul 17, 2014 · Fluffy Chix Cook prepares Day 11, or Week 2|Day 4 of Dr. Westman’s and Duke Lifestyle Medicine Clinic’s No Sugar No Starch Page 4 Meal Plan, featuring low carb leftovers. Today is the day to clean out any servings and portions of meals stored in the fridge or in DS9 (Deep Space 9 … Your body processes different foods differently. For example, if you eat food with a lot of sugar or carbohydrates that digest quickly to sugar, your body is wired to keep eating until the sugar is gone and to make as much of the sugar into fat as possible. If you eat a high fat diet with very little sugars, you’re wired to eat less.

The No Starch Diet Basic Food Guide NOTE: This list is not a complete or exhaustive list of safe and unsafe foods for the No Starch Diet (NSD). It is intended to give you a starting point for beginning the diet. You will need to customize the diet to suit your personal starch tolerance levels. Mar 10, 2017 · Dr Eric Westman Duke University Ketogenic Diet for Weight Loss and Brain Performance FULL VIDEO

No Starch Diet Recipes for People Who Need More Energy In Their Day. Have you been considering going on a no starch diet? The diet, which is meant to provide your body with the nutrition it needs while eliminating empty carbohydrates, is actually way more accessible than you might imagine. Mar 24, 2018 · No PDF I can download (as a member) has this info. I did Keto diet for two months and I lost 29 lb. and now I just eat some fruits and keep with no sugar added food and low carbs diet. I loved it! Sherry. Hi Dolores, Arrowroot powder is a starch so strictly it wouldn’t be allowed. However, it is a resistant starch and I sometimes use

10 Best Eating No Sugar No Starch Recipes

No sugar no starch diet pdf

Leftover Thursday – Dr. Westman’s No Sugar No Starch Diet. The No Starch Diet Basic Food Guide NOTE: This list is not a complete or exhaustive list of safe and unsafe foods for the No Starch Diet (NSD). It is intended to give you a starting point for beginning the diet. You will need to customize the diet to suit your personal starch tolerance levels., “No Sugar, No Starch” Diet: Getting Started This diet is focused on providing your body with the nutrition it needs, while eliminating foods that your body does not require, namely, nutritionally empty carbohydrates. For most effective weight loss, you will need to keep the total number of (net) carbohydrate grams to fewer than 20 grams per day..

“No Sugar No Starch” Diet Getting Started – The. Aug 06, 2013 · A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet Manual: No Sugar, No Starch Diet [Dr. Eric C. Westman M.D.] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This manual describes the practical details of a low carbohydrate, ketogenic diet as used by nutritional and medical professionals., Diet Plan fot Big Diabetes - Duke University - No Sugar No Starch Diet Plan Doctors at the International Council for Truth in Medicine are revealing the truth about diabetes that ….

Low Carb & Keto Food List with Printable PDF

No sugar no starch diet pdf

How to Stick to a No Starch Diet Healthy Eating SF Gate. The No Starch Diet Basic Food Guide NOTE: This list is not a complete or exhaustive list of safe and unsafe foods for the No Starch Diet (NSD). It is intended to give you a starting point for beginning the diet. You will need to customize the diet to suit your personal starch tolerance levels. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrate Jul 17, 2014 · Fluffy Chix Cook prepares Day 11, or Week 2|Day 4 of Dr. Westman’s and Duke Lifestyle Medicine Clinic’s No Sugar No Starch Page 4 Meal Plan, featuring low carb leftovers. Today is the day to clean out any servings and portions of meals stored in the fridge or in DS9 (Deep Space 9 ….

No sugar no starch diet pdf


A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet Manual: No Sugar, No Starch Diet [Dr. Eric C. Westman M.D.] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This manual describes the practical details of a low carbohydrate, ketogenic diet as used by nutritional and medical professionals. Keto Diet Meal Plan.pdf - Google Drive See more. Intentional No Starch No Sugar Diet Foods is the loss of total body mass as a result of efforts to improve fitness and health, or to change appearance through slimming. No Starch No Sugar Diet Foods in individuals who are overweight or obese can reduce health risks, increase fitness, and may delay the onset of diabetes.

Intentional No Sugar And Starch Diet Plan is the loss of total body mass as a result of efforts to improve fitness and health, or to change appearance through slimming. No Sugar And Starch Diet Plan in individuals who are overweight or obese can reduce health risks, increase fitness, and may delay the onset of diabetes. This article is very misleading. I don’t think most people are following a no-sugar diet by dropping ALL sugars, just the refined “added” sugars. Claiming that following a no-sugar diet is harmful because you won’t be eating fruits or drinking milk is completely misinterpreting the no sugar diet.

Nov 01, 2014 · The No Sugar, No Starch Diet; Don’t fall for the “net carbs” sales pitch. this way of eating can allow too much sugar and starch and start a cycle of craving and stall weight loss. Learn to listen to your body. If you start craving foods, especially carbohydrates , that’s your cue to look at what you are eating and see whether there Jul 17, 2014 · Fluffy Chix Cook prepares Day 11, or Week 2|Day 4 of Dr. Westman’s and Duke Lifestyle Medicine Clinic’s No Sugar No Starch Page 4 Meal Plan, featuring low carb leftovers. Today is the day to clean out any servings and portions of meals stored in the fridge or in DS9 (Deep Space 9 …

Developed by Jerry Sobieraj, M.D., in 2000, the no-starch diet is based on the effect of starch content in food on blood sugar and insulin level. The focus of the diet is to help with management of insulin level, making it beneficial for individuals who are diabetic or insulin-resistant. Mar 09, 2012 · My new rhuemy wanted to put me on chemo-drugs to stop the inflammation and fusing. I decided to try a no-starch, no-sugar diet I had heard of (modified LCHF). I am no longer diabetic and as long as I follow this way of eating I can do all I want physically (run, jump, play).

On the Sugar Freedom Diet you will learn to put together a daily menu of foods that is satisfying, delicious, and packed with nutrients. Let’s get to the list. Love Thy Vegetables The typical assumption when it comes to a low sugar diet is that, if it’s low in sugar and diet. Quite simply, if you follow the diet as we prescribe, your cholesterol levels will improve. To ensure this is the case and for your own information, we will periodically check your cholesterol levels. Vitamins & Supplements Although the “no sugar, no starch” diet is very nutritious, we recommend that you take an

Mar 30, 2016 · NSNG Grocery List: Getting started with no sugar no grain – Shrinking Momster […]You do have the ability to reverse the results of chronic sugar consumption earlier than it is simply too late![…] The Promise. No need to count calories on this plan. You can lose weight with a high-fiber diet made up of the right kinds of fruits, vegetables, proteins, and whole grains.But you have to give up

View all posts in Hawarden category